Name: Manuela ANTON
Citation Recommendation: Anton, Manuela. ‟Stephanites and Ichnelates in the Greek and Slavic literatures: a critical bibliography study”. Synthesis, no. XXXIV-XXXV, 2007-2008, pp. 49-53
Title: STEPHANITES AND ICHNELATES IN THE GREEK AND SLAVIC LITERATURES: A CRITICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY STUDY
Anthropology is the comparative study of society and culture, usually practised by the method of participant observation, but its theories and methods can and have been applied to literary texts. In this paper I shall consider the status of the widow in various societies and cultures based on my eclectic reading which ranges from the Bible to modern novels and short stories. In my own fieldwork, conducted in Israel, Wales and Hungary, I have of course encountered many widows and widowers though I have never made a study of their social position, hence my resort to examples taken from a range of literature.
The point of departure for the Byzantine Fürstenspiegel Stephanitēs kai Ichnēlatēs is the Arabic Kalīla wa-Dimna, the ultimate sources of which should be sought in India. Here this collection of fables survived in the epic poem Pañcatantra and was transmitted in the Arabic literature through a Middle Persian (Pahlavi) lost version from a Sanskrit original.